Why Orthodontics?

Braces straighten out crooked teeth and help your jaws and chewing muscles grow into a good bite. Your smile and profile look better and your teeth stay healthier.

By wearing braces while you’re young,  you may not have to wear them as long later, as a teenager. Orthodontics (also called Dentofacial Orthopedics) gives you a head start  on your winning smile.

Orthodontists vs Dentists

When it comes to the care of your teeth, receiving treatment from the appropriate professional is vital. That is why it's important to know the difference between an orthodontist and a dentist and when you should seek the services of each.

What is Orthodontics?
Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that focuses specifically on straightening teeth and ensuring your jaws are correctly aligned. Both are important to ensure your mouth functions properly when eating and chewing. If your teeth are crooked or your jaws are misaligned this can cause digestive problems (if you're unable to chew your food properly) and oral hygiene issues, such as gingivitis (gum disease), if you're unable to clean your teeth properly.

What is the difference between an orthodontist and a dentist?
An orthodontist is a trained dentist who has embarked on further postgraduate study to specialise in the field of orthodontics. This usually takes two to three years. Orthodontists who are recognised providers of Invisalign will have completed certification in this orthodontic treatment and be qualified to fit you with this appliance.

Orthodontist Dentist
Bachelor of Dental Surgery (5 years)
Master of Dental Surgery (3 years)
Member of professional orthodontic bodies, eg. Indian Society of Orthodontics, etc.
Treatments & Services
General 6-month check up
Fillings & extractions
Cleaning & polishing
Advises on overall oral health of teeth and gums
Fitting of orthodontic appliances, such as braces & Invisalign aligners Some general dentists may fit braces and Invisalign but they are not specialists in orthodontics
Experience & training
Is specifically trained in the movement of teeth and bite issues
Recommends and treats patients after assessing overall facial profile
Uses the latest in orthodontic technology for the benefit of patients
Attends regular training on developments in the orthodontic industry
Is a member of The Invisible Orthodontist (TIO) Network Not all orthodontists are members of TIO but those that are demonstrate further commitment to promoting invisible orthodontic treatmet.

Your Evaluation

Your teeth and jaws are like your fingerprint, as special as you are. So your orthodontist first looks at your profile, jaws, and teeth, and watches how you bite and swallow. Your orthodontist also asks questions about your teeth. If you have any questions about your braces, this is a good time to ask.

X-rays show your head, face , jaw bones, and all of your teeth. These are used to measure your teeth and jaws and plan your treatment. Most of you will be asked to have two X- rays taken, the OPG (Orthopentomogram, which gives us all the information about your teeth) and Lat. Ceph. (Lateral Cephalogram which gives us the information about the jaws).


Lateral Cephalogram


Impresssions are taken by biting into materials that later harden. These show how your teeth and jaws fit together. These help us see and remember how your teeth looked before treatment started. Impressions are also taken at the end of treatment to compare and understand the changes we have brought about for you.

Photographs of your profile, face, smile and teeth are taken before and after treatment. You can look forward to seeing pictures of your new smile after braces.

All of the above data i.e. your Xrays, Photographs and models are scanned and transferred to a computer system which has a special software which allows me to evaluate what your specific problem is and where is it that the problem is concentrated e.g. in your upper jaw or lower jaw or in the teeth themselves.

The special software also allows me to do mock procedures to predict how your face will look if we do different treatment procedures and hence allows me to finally choose a treatment plan most suitable for your case keeping in mind your end treatment goals, time frame available for treatment and treatment preferences i.e. choice of appliances.



After looking closely at your teeth and jaws, and studying your evaluation report generated by the software system your orthodontist may say you have a malocclusion. That means your teeth and jaws don't meet correctly. There are three kinds of malocclusions, called Class I, Class II and Class III. You may have other orthodontic problems, too. Your orthodontist can use this page to show you what your orthodontic problem is.